Wireless Router setup
is almost the same as a wired router installation a few extra steps. But
those extra steps will secure your data.
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Because most of the information you need is on the
Router setup page, I will only go into the
on this page.
You must understand how a wireless network connection works. The wireless
adapter and wireless router are a radio transmitter and receiver set. What this
means to you is they both send and receive radio signals. It is like having a
miniature radio stations in your building. The wireless adapter (NIC) sends a
signal to the wireless router, the wireless router (router) receives the signal
and transforms it into a digital signal then sends that signal out on the
network, it can be a local network (LAN) or it can be a wide area network (Wan)
which for you is the Internet or WWW.
The radio signals are the problem! Because it is a radio signal it is
broadcast over a large area, your house may not seem to be a broad area but the
signal will go further than that, approximately 400 feet with out any problem, it
may not be a high quality signal but it is a signal none the less. Unscrupulous
people search for these signals, they have equipment that can boost your signal
and read it. If this signal is unprotected they can decode it and see what you
are doing on the internet.
To further compound your problem they can send a
signal back to your computer and router. If they want they can read the data on
You need to have a way to keep these people (hackers/crackers/thieves!)
from reading your signal and keep them out of your computer and router and doing
this wireless router setup will help secure your data.
Wireless Router setup:
How do you do that? With the security built into your NIC and router.
- First you need to name your wireless network, be creative,
use a complex name
such as mixing numbers and letters, the more complex it is the harder it is for
the hackers to steal your signal.
- Next you need to create a password in the same manner.
- You have your network name and password? It is ok to write this down and keep
it in a safe place because the only way the hackers and thieves can get it is to
burgle your home/business.
Once you have the preliminary setup done from the
router page now you need to
go into your wireless router setup program and set the security.
Different wireless routers use different names for their
properties but they
work the same, I have a Linksys router so I will use their names for the
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Wireless Router setup security:
To get the highest encryption level use 'Infrastructure' not 'Ad-Hoc'.
- First you set the Network name (SSID) with the name you created.
- Second you set the Network Authentication type: WPA-PSK
- Third you set the Network Key with the password you created.
- Last you can change the channel that the router and the network card
broadcast on, normal or defaults are 6 or 9, you can change it to any number
between 1 and 16+. Remember that if you change the router broadcast channel
you have to do the same for the computer NIC(s) other wise you will not be able to
connect to the router.
- Going through the same steps as the router setup your NIC(s).
- Also you want to set
the 'Network to access' to 'Access point (infrastructure) networks only'
under the Advance tab on the NIC properties page of the Wireless Networks
Tab. (this forces your NIC to connect only to your router!)
You are set, if someone wants to hack your wireless router setup it will take them
a long time. Most hackers give up after a couple of attempts.
Be sure to setup you network IP range different from the default, the harder
you make it the less chance of someone hacking in to your personal or business
Now you can carry your laptop any where with in range of the wireless router
and have network connectivity.
Now that wasn't so hard was it?
See ya by the pool!
I have over the years as a Systems Admin came into contact with a lot of
network devices. Some are good, some are bad, and some are down right
I won't dwell on the bad or the ugly (although the ugly should get a mention,
maybe on another page...),
The good goes like this - of all the Network and home/small business routers,
switches, and wireless access points I like the Linksys products. I have not had
a failure that was not self induced and I have four products that are over
Like all network devices they run 24/7 and very seldom are powered down. Now
you have to be careful with electronic devices when you leave them powered up
for long lengths of time the PCB, solder joints, and IC's (see my glossary for
what these terms mean if I am baffling you with the 'Geek') expand with heat and
never get a chance to contract. So when the device is powered down and cools off
the components shrink this shrinkage introduces what is called micro-fracture. A
micro fracture is when the contraction of the material cracks. Back in the old
days components were larger and the solder joints were thicker so powering down
a device didn't fail because of the micro-fractures.
The reason I dwell on the Linksys being powered up 24/7 and then were powered
off for a week while we went to Seattle on vacation. When we came home I crossed
my fingers and powered up the three switches, the wireless access point, and the
router. No problems! Now I saw two servers, three switches, and a router go down
hard when they were powered off for 48 hours! I am impressed.
By turning on
the key for
WPA / WPA2,
the security of