Software and Applications Installation for servers some tips, hints, and
software and applications installation:
do not use
the default drive!
You may have a lot of server software applications to install on your new server, so why
would you choose to install them on a drive other than the 'default' drive that
the software publisher picked when they wrote the installation program?
Good question and it is on most certification tests.
So lets look at the logic behind the software company's (all of them!) using the
default drive of C:\. Consider this: When you setup the server OS what drives
did you have when you checked the Drive Manager? C for the OS and D for the CD
ROM drive. Unless this was a rebuild then all bets are off.
So the software publishers know that when you complete the OS install that at a
minimum you will have the OS drive of C:\ and the CD ROM drive of D:\. You can
not install the software on the cd, it is read only so that leaves C:\ as the
Software and Applications Installation Instructions:
One of the main reasons for installing your software applications on a drive
other than default is security. When you setup your server you will want
secure the Operating System volume as tight as possible. That means you want to
restrict the access to only those that actually have a need to access the
The access list is very small: administrators, Server Operators, the system, and
Now where does it say guests, users, or power users?
But the users and power users need access to the applications. Ok, put
the application on a different volume and give them access they require to do
their tasks. The only exception is for IIS (Internet Information
Service) this application has a special user id that allows 'guests' or
'anonymous' users access to your web site, see my
installation guide for
Another reason you would not want to install all your applications on the
Operating System volume is storage space. Normally you would create a
small (compared to the rest of the volumes) volume for your OS, say 20 to 72
gig. Applications take up a lot of storage especially those that create data
such as a data base program.
Portions of this page
Software and Applications Installation were
extracted from Build a Server Guide.
You have just completed your new server build, it is not a domain controller but
an application server. You have gone through the installation guide and have
hardened the server against cyber attack. Now you have a hand full of CD's that
you need to install and your job is complete.
You have backup, data base, and fax applications to install.
You would install your applications on different volumes because:
The backup application can reside on the OS volume but the logs will have to be
located on another volume because of the storage requirement for the
catalogs and backup logs. (Backup catalogs and the backup logs will become
quite large as time goes by).
The Data Base software should reside on a separate volume due to the fact that
the data will consume large amounts of storage over time and you don't
want the OS volume to run out of space and crash the server.
The Fax application will also need to be installed on a separate volume because
of the requirement that all faxes sent or received have to be stored for certain
time period and this will also consume large amounts of storage over time.
Before you begin you installations it would be better for you to setup your
security. It will be faster and easier to set the default security at the
root before all the applications create their directory structures. Once the
application is installed if a special security access is required on separate
directories then the task is simplified to just those directories and not the
complete directory structure. Large directory structures that have to
have a security change can take up to 24 hours to complete and then you
may instigate errors into the security data base also.
Server Software and Applications Installation Summery:
You should consider the application and company defined needs when installing
new applications, this includes long term storage and security.
You should always lock down your Operating System volume and restrict access to the
minimum of only those that need to maintain the server and Operating System.
Is this your It Tool Box?
Did you know you can use a Windows 7 ERD on server versions 2008
and newer? Need to make a custom Emergency Repair Disk (ERD) for yourself? Check this out.