Servers - Configuring your IP with a static address insures that the server
is at the same IP address at all times...
A server needs to have a static IP.
Server IP needs to
have the same IP every time another computer or device looks for the server by
name or by IP address, using a DHCP address means every time the lease period of
the IP is up it will change. The changing IP makes finding the server a moving
installing from the Server installation cd the set up program will find your NIC, then it
will prompt you for the IP, Subnet Mask, and Gateway IP. If this is the
first server in the Domain see Configuring a Domain page.
Servers - Configuring your IP Instructions:
Using your spread sheet from the
Configuration considerations section you need to have
these IP addresses:
Network IP -
Subnet mask -
Domain name -
Question: Why have a static IP for a server? Why not use DHCP for them?
Answer: A Static IP address for a server reserves that IP for that
Name in DNS and in DHCP. You will use the IP address for the server in different
places instead of the server Name, the static IP makes connecting to the server
faster and more reliable.
Note: Before doing your IP configuration if the NICs have a Teaming option
you need to do the Team setup first. If you do not have a Team option you may
want to consider doing a MS Network Bridge. The Bridge combines two or more
network interface cards in to one MAC and IP address. (Check the Teaming NICs
page for more information).
Servers - Configuring your IP
Once you have completed your server installation you need to complete the
configuration of your NIC as follows:
If your computer is all ready set up and you need to change the IP you would
do this through the My Network Places menu. Right click on the My Network Places
icon, drop down to Properties, a window will open with the New Connection
Wizard and any network cards (NIC) installed in the computer. Right click on the
NIC you want to work with, drop down to properties.
Highlight the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) selection, click on the Properties
On the General Properties page you will see the IP, Subnet Mask, Gateway, and
DNS Server settings. These are required for static IP settings.
Servers - Configuring your IP
Once you have these set click on Advanced, for normal operation the
Metric should be set for Automatic metric. If you are having problems connecting
to the gateway router and have a switch between the server and router remove the
Automatic metric check box and set it for 1, then edit the gateway IP and set
the metric for 1 there also. This will tell the network software to increase the
time out before returning the device not found error.
Next click on the DNS tab, there should be a DNS address here, if not add the
DNS IP. In addition to the IP you should set the Network DNS
suffix. Click the
radio button Append these DNS suffixes and then click edit and add the
Domain name. Add the Domain name to the box beside DNS suffix for this
connection. Then click the check boxes for Register this connection's addresses
in DNS and Use this connection's DNS suffix in DNS registration. (This will
automatically register the IP and computer name with your DNS server).
Next click on the WINS tab, add your WINS server IP. Then drop down to the radio
button for Enable NetBIOS over TCP/IP and click it. (This allows you to use DNS
names to search for computers/devices).
Close all pages back down to the Local Area Connection Properties, on the
General tab at the bottom are two check boxes. If you want to have the network
connection visible in the tray click the check box for Show icon in notification
area when connected. (This is a good idea when troubleshooting a network problem
or when you have more than one NIC's installed in a computer). Then I uncheck
the box for Notify me when this connection.... (You will know when your network
connection degrades, this is a pop up if you want to be notified).
Find more help with
Configuring your IP in the Build a Server Guide.
Close all pages. If you have more than one NIC in the computer you may want to
name the NIC's, naming the teamed NIC's will allow you to see when one of them
has failed, also if you team your NIC's naming the team software will make it
Once you restart your server you are now ready to join your server to your
You have completed your first Servers - Configuring your IP all the rest will
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