DIY for Server Owners

NOT ALL PAGES ARE CONVERTED TO CELL PHONE FORMAT!

Home     Sitemap

DIY for Server owners - Owning, Configuring, and Maintaining a Server
DIY for Servers owners - Stand alone server, put one in the closet, lock it up and forget about it. Rack mount Servers range in size from 1 U ( one unit) to a full rack! A Rack is a cabinet that mesures approximatly 7 ft high, 19 inches wide, and 28 inches deep.

Your's

Or Mine

Or a bunch of 'em

Why a DIY for Server owners?

In the computing world there are two types of computers, Workstations and Servers.

What is the definition of a server? Well the official definitions such as 2003 Server is: "A computer that serves files, applications, data, and more to multiple computers called clients."

What is the definition of a workstation (or client) such as XP: "A workstation is a computer that modifies data, be it a spread sheet, a text file, a database, a movie, a graphic, surfing the web, or playing a game."

There are different types of servers, data base, file storage, print, Domain Controllers, and web to mention a few of the most common or well known.

DIY for Server owners because very few other web sites actually have a translated it from geek to everyday English help...

Note:

I see some web sites that say you can build a "home server" for less than $30, you can but there are things you need to know about these "cheap" servers: "You get what you pay for!"

If you have a spare computer say an older desktop or even a laptop that is in good condition and you only want to experiment then this would make a good test server to learn on.

The $30 server uses a free Operating System (OS) such as a Linux version. Do you have the time or experience with the OS and hardware to make one of these? Personally I would not trust this type of sever with my data.

Server hardware (you may have to learn about computer parts)  is normally more robust than a workstation, has more hard drives, processors, and sometimes more memory and is more expensive.

Note:My custom made ERD, you can have one also, make it yourslf... or?

I had a customer for one of my e-books ask me how to turn a commercially made external mass storage device into a server.

The product he had held three 1 TB hard drives and to setup the drives you would use a web page interface such as the one you would use for most home/small business routers.

I checked out this device on the manufactures web site and sent an email to their support asking how the web page was configured. It is embedded in the firmware of the device's BIOS and can not be changed only certain parameters such as a partition size, number of volumes, and if the drives were to be used as a RAID array. There is also a low level security page where you can assign user ID's and passwords to access the data.

To access the files you would use a special FTP (File Transfer Protocol) program that is proprietary to the device. (Some are web pages; some are special programs.)

Personally if I was to spend my money on such a storage device it would be in a domain not next to my cable modem.

These computers also come in two types, Towers and Rack mount. You would use a tower when you only need one or two in a fairly small space. Most Workstations can only have up to 8 Gig of ram, a Server can be up to 1 Tetra bytes of Ram

You would use rack mount when you have more and want them to occupy the smallest space possible. You can put more than ten rack mount computers in the same space as two tower computers. The rack mount computer chassis is manufactured different than the tower computer case, no frills.

I worked in a data center that had over two thousand computers in a 7000 sq. foot space, rows and rows of computers!

How would you build and maintain a Server? With this excellent guide I wrote for the DIY for Server owners DIY for Server owners Guide.

The main difference between a workstation and a server in the Windows world is how the Operating System is used. Both Windows XP and Windows 2003 Server use the same underlying engine to operate. The difference comes with how the OS (Operating System) is configured and the options that are installed. Even though both XP and 2003 Server come on a different CD or DVD the basics are the same.

DIY for Server owners

Most workstations have only one hard drive, a server can have over one HUNDRED!When you load a computer with say 2003 Server you have more steps to complete than you would with say XP. The reason is that the computer OS runs almost all programs as a service with out user intervention - in the background. Whereas XP runs most programs where the user can interact with them - in the foreground.

A few of the things that you would do when installing a server OS that you would not do to a workstation is:

Install a 'Static IP'  - This allows the computer to be at the same IP at all times.

Install more than one NIC - This allows for what is known as Teaming, where two or more NIC (Network Interface Card) are set with the same MAC (Machine Address Code) and IP. Thus increasing the local LAN speed by the factor of the card's speed and cards. Such as two Identical NIC's running at 100 MBPS would yield 200 MBPS for the computer to communicate with other servers/workstations on the LAN. Or you can use the fall over on fail redundancy of the Team setup.

With computers you can also use the smaller condensed "Check list" to accomplish a single repair task.Install  a RAID configuration - Redundant Array of Independent Disks - To do this you require a RAID Controller, once you have the controller configured you have to setup the partitions and volumes on the computer. RAID controllers also come with an Accelerator, the accelerator caches the data for read/write operations making the data transfer faster.

Install any special services that the Server will preformed - DNS, DHCP, Domain Controller, Web Server, or any of the other functions the computer requires to do it's job.How many network cards does your workstation have? Some servers have over sixteen!

These articles are not meant to be a short cut past the MCSE or the numerous guides for installing and configuring a computer. It is a series of 'How to's...' of problems and configurations I have came across in my career that I had to research to resolve.

DIY for Server owners - Index

Before you start your sever build you need to do a few things ...

Pre Build Checklist for your server

Hardware considerations for a server - Processor, memory, drives, services

Hardware considerations

Configuration considerations for your server - Designing your network and adding additional computer Configuration considerations
Configuring the RAID for a sever

RAID Configurations

Configuring Teaming for NIC's

Teaming NICS

Configuring your IP

Configuring your IP

Configuring DNS

Configuring DNS

Configuring WINS

Configuring WINS

Configuring a Domain Controller

Configuring a Domain Controller

Configuring  Active Directory Users and Computers

Configuring Active Directory

Configuring DHCP

Server - Configuring DHCP

Configuring a Web Server

IIS -Configuring a Internet Information Service

Software and Applications

Software and Applications Installation

Tools

Your IT Tool Box

Did you know that a seven foot tall Rack can hold up to 40 -  one U - servers?This is a short guide not to be construed as a complete workings of server and domain functions.  If you need more help it is available with the help function. There are very comprehensive books available for a complete run down on how to use Active Directory.

 

Resources:

There are more server configuration options in the Advanced Sever Section: Server Topics


"Your recovery
is only as
good as the
last
BACKUP!"


Donating your
computer to
a worthy
cause


Emergency Repair
D
isk (ERD) - Will Yours Work?

Emergency
Repair Disk


Custom made for you...



You keyboard isn't thirsty, and it doesn't need calcium. Milk and other liquids will ruin a keyaboard!


This Web
Site is a
labor of Love
!
But Love
doesn't pay
the bills!

Please chip in $5 to keep it live...

Need A Checklist?

Need A Repair Manual?


    Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape
 

You can:


Return to
previous page:



 

 

 

 


Thank you for visiting my web site, and please come back again.

This website is not intended for children under the age of 18

Author of this web site: Monte Russell


FTC Endorsement Rules
All testimonials on the DIY Computer Repair web site are from customers who were not paid to comment on any products!


The Flag of The United States of America!   Proudly Made in The U. S. A.

Copyright and Registered to www.diy-computer-repair.net, all thieves will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of international law!www.diy-computer-repair.net

From the Desert South West ~ Arizona, U. S. A.
Copyright DIY-Computer-Repair.Com 2006-2016

 

"You found this web site through:"

Active Search Results


Return to top of DIY for Servers owners

DIY for Server owners





Home    About    Sitemap
Fix It Blog!

From the Desert South West ~ Arizona, USA
Copyright www.diy-computer-repair.net 2006-2015